Friday, February 7, 2020

Strategic Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 4

Strategic Management - Essay Example 277). The Walt Disney Company's mission has evolved through the years as the company has gained more success. Walter Disney founded the company in 1923; it was after he visited amusement parks with his daughters where he would be bored while they played. The original mission was to provide entertainment of the kind that children and adults both could enjoy, making the whole experience family oriented. However, as the years have progressed, the Disney mission has evolved as well. The official mission statement of Disney is the following: â€Å"The mission of The Walt Disney Company is to be the largest and most trusted producer and provider of entertainment and information. Using our portfolio of brands to differentiate our content, services and consumer products, we will become the most responsive and adaptable to serve the needs of the consumers’ in our target markets. We will maintain our integrity and adhere to the core values upon which our company was founded as we creat e the most innovative and profitable entertainment experiences, most reliable and relevant informational services, and related products in the world† (Walt Disney Mission Statement: Creativity + Innovation = Profits, 2013). One of the key reasons due to which it is as successful as it is due to its strong vision, which is to be one of, if not, the mot major producer and provider of entertainment and information in the world. In fact, the company is now seen to be the most innovative and creative in providing entertainment to children and adults alike, with rides, characters, detailed storytelling, hotels, spas and a sports complex. Important Stakeholders: Stakeholders and risk bearers exist in every business, be it a small home-based one or an expansive multinational. Therefore, naturally, the multibillion-dollar worth, Disney Theme Parks has their share of stakeholders. These include the employees, consumers, communities that live near the resorts, suppliers, factories, retai lers, contract workers, nongovernmental organizations and charities, media, governmental organizations and, of course, the shareholders (The Business Communication Casebook: A Notre Dame Collection, pg. 251). Since it is a company of a large scale, it has numerous stakeholders to consider and engage with when making plans or addressing issues (The Business Communication Casebook: A Notre Dame Collection, pg. 251). It is, in fact, a mark of strength of a company of this large a size to engage with its stakeholders in order to better address their needs and the needs of the communities they work in, to result in more cohesion and better returns. Opportunities and Threats: Although Disney has become a huge corporation in terms of the services it provides, there are still several opportunities and aspects that it can perhaps tap into. Disney, due to its major clientele, can be a good source of promoting world peace and other noble causes. Because it is a theme park stemming from childho od stories and cartoons, it could be a rich source of providing education to the needy since it can reach out to many people. Another philanthropic opportunity it could pursue would be to give employment to citizens that cannot find work elsewhere, as a way of giving them a second chance to make a difference to society. Since Disney is

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Race-Ethnicity and Diagnosis as Predictors Essay Example for Free

Race-Ethnicity and Diagnosis as Predictors Essay The purpose of this article was to understand and examine the number of outpatients for patients with substance abuse or mental health problem. The data was collected from 12 outpatient mental health and substance abuse facilities in four U. S. Census Regions. The authors put forward three hypotheses that guided the way that they will approach the research problem. The first hypothesis was by keeping all social-demographic information constant e. g. , sex and age, the condition of non-Latino blacks and Latinos was worse when compared with non-Latino whites. The second hypothesis was that the patients with dual medical conditions e. g. mental problems and substance use disorders could be expected to visit the hospital more times when compared with patients with single medical condition. Lastly, the third hypothesis was that the number of non-Latino blacks and Latinos would have visited the hospital less frequently when compared to non-Latino whites. The target population was outpatients in the United States. The study sample of 1,899 patients with mental health and substance abuse problems was obtained from 12 outpatient mental health or substance abuse treatment centers within a period of two months (May 2001 – June 2002). Out of this number, diagnoses for 1807 patients were obtained from the medical facilities. Patients who had substance and psychiatric problems were included in the study factoring the racial-ethnicity criterion: non-Latino black, Latino and non-Latino whites. The response rate of the study was 95. 26%. This rate of success may be attributed to the fact that information was retrieved from health facilities databases. Nevertheless, specifying that the sample come from only health facilities reduces the relevance of the study because there are patients with medical and substance abuse problems and they do not visit the health facilities. External validity plays a crucial role in defining the extent of success of the project. Some information and data were missing and thus the authors had to approximate the missing data utilizing technological capabilities. However, since the data was obtained from both the public and private medical facilities indicates that all social class population was factored into the consideration. The data that were utilized were obtained from records that the medical facilities keep; hence, the data was specific and applicable in solving the hypotheses. This means that the sampling plan was appropriate to some extent (because they analyzed hospital records and not analyzing the entire community) for analyzing the effect of substance abuse and psychiatric problems. Nevertheless, the sample was not fully representative of the entire population because the sample was only picked from only 12 health facilities. Some people with psychiatric problems and substance abuse do not visit medical facilities. In the case of substance abuse, the authors could have picked additional sample from counseling and other corrective facilities such as jails. The type of study was descriptive because it tries to show the link that exists between race-ethnicity and medical conditions: mental health and substance abuse. The main threats to external validity are the extent of analysis and acquisition of the sample. The data of 92 patients was missing. However, through calculations and approximations these data was obtained, which to some extend jeopardize validity of the research. The study shows that there is some racial and ethnicity difference in substance abuse and psychiatric problems in population of non-Latino black, non-Latino white and Latinos. The study should have extended to other population type such as Hispanics and African-Americans to understand the real extent of mental conditions and substance abuse to the entire population. The independent variables were the group of the targeted population e. g. Non-Latinos white, non-Latino black and Latinos. The dependent variables are the medical conditions that were being analyzed e. g. substance abuse and psychiatric conditions. The intervening variables are the link and relationship that exists between the medical conditions and patients who accessed the medical facility. The authors were able to balance and analyze dependent, independent and intervening variables in achieving the goals of the study. The authors collected the data from outpatient facilities in twelve medical facilities. The data was obtained from the hospital databases and other recordings. Moreover, additional data was obtained through approximation of missing sample data. The authors were able to visit both public and private facilities to ensure for some external credibility. This strategy ensured that specific data was utilized in the study. Obtaining the data from medical facilities increased its validity and reliability. However, the approximation of the missing data was the main weakness and specifying the population that is analyzed e. g. obtaining data from medical facilities rather than obtaining additional data from other agencies. The data that was obtained was grouped into six parts utilizing the BASIS-24 domains with the help of PROC MI in obtaining the missing data. The authors obtained diagnosis for 1,807 patients out of the 1,899 patients. From the analysis, the authors found out that Latino and Non-Latino black patients reported worse symptoms of substance use disorders and psychiatric disorders when compared with non-Latino white. The authors found out that there was no relation between race-ethnicity with medical conditions. The study also showed that Latinos reported greater emotional liability, self-harm symptoms and interpersonal functioning compared with non-Latino blacks and non-Latino whites. Additionally, the study found out that self-harm symptoms were greater in non-Latino black when compared with non-Latino whites. The unique difference that existed between the Latinos and non-Latino blacks is that the severity of substance use disorders in non-Latino blacks is greater than that of the Latino. The authors found that the relationship that exists among the three populations types was depressive symptoms and their (population) functioning capabilities. The findings of the study differed with evidence that indicates lower rates of mental health problems between the Latino and non-Latino black populations in the treatment of substance abuse. The authors have clearly explained strengths and shortcomings that may occur. The strength of the methodology was the ability of the authors to pick specific data in hospitals and utilizing it to understand the medical condition of the population. The methodology that was utilized had various weaknesses, especially in collecting the data and analyzing it. The population that was utilized did not define the entire population because the authors utilized medical records. They could have incorporated other institutions in understanding substance abuse and psychiatric conditions. Moreover, they obtained some missing data through utilization of technological machines. This increase chances of errors in the final analysis. The authors were able to compare their findings with previous research and the conclusion indicates the entire study has achieved its goals.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Expectations versus Reality in Stephen Cranes The Red Badge of Courage

Expectations versus Reality in Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage The notion that war is an exciting, romantic endeavor full of glory and heroism has existed for centuries.   Stephen Crane set out to demystify war through his novel The Red Badge of Courage, which traces the experiences of a young soldier in the American Civil War. Crane shows the true nature of war by contrasting Henry Fleming's romantic expectations with the reality that he encounters. This contrast between romantic vision and cold reality can be seen early in the novel, with Henry's departure from home. Driven to a "prolonged ecstasy of excitement" by the rejoicing crowd, Henry enlists in the army and says good-bye to his mother with a "light of excitement and expectancy in his eyes" (709). He anticipates a romantic, sentimental send-off reminiscent of Spartan times and even goes as far as preparing remarks in advance which he hopes to use "with touching effect" to create "a beautiful scene" (710). However, Crane presents a more realistic view. At the news of Henry's enlistment, his mother simply says "The Lord's will be done" and continues milking the cow, having previously urged Henry not to be "a fool" by enlisting (709). She then destroys his hopes by offering sensible,... ...es in anguish while his friend Jim suffers and dies. Today, many of the romantic myths about war have been destroyed through television and movies such as Born on the Fourth of July, which shows war with all its suffering, pain, and death. Yet it was Stephen Crane who, a century ago, deglorified war through the experiences of Henry Fleming. With his frequent contrasts between romantic vision and cold reality, Crane clearly portrays the true horrors of war. Work Cited Crane, Stephen. The Red Badge of Courage. Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Geroge McMichael, et al. 5th ed.Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan, 1993. 707-87.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Why Did the Founding Fathers Create a Constitution Based

Why did the founding fathers create a constitution based on the ideas of separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism and the bill of rights? The founding fathers wanted to create a constitution because many believed that the national government had to be stronger than what it had been with the use of the Articles of Confederation. But at the same time they were fearful of human nature and how often it could be seen in the history of other countries such as Britain, for people in the position of power to infringe on the rights of others, by becoming hungry with power.Taking this into account, they wanted to create a government with another power to keep order and to govern. But also make sure there were sufficient checks put in place so that the government could never exercise power that threatens individual liberties. The constitution created a government with a written set of rules to follow which it could not infringe upon. This in itself was one way to create a limited g overnment, which is a main factor in why the founding fathers created a constitution.The Founding fathers also wanted to divide power in different ways, in another attempt to prevent its future abuse. The three main concepts within the constitution are separation of powers, cheques and balances, and federalism. The founding fathers originally debated where power should ultimately lie; Alexander Hamilton suggested that a unitary system would be the best. This is where the power lies with the central authority; many knew that this would never work, as the country is far too big and diverse. There were even hints at a monarchy but George Washington quickly made his feelings on the idea open. It is an idea I must view with adherence and reprimand with severity’ George mason on the other hand was in support of a confederate system, this is where the states would be split up , and then all have to agree on individual issues. There are very few examples of a confederate system worki ng, and it is clear to see why it would not work in in America, as it would be very difficult to get all the states to agree on individual issues, due to the diversity of the country.The solution to this problem was suggested by James Madison, which was quite simply a mixture of the two systems unitary and confederate. This is where power is divided between central and state government. National or delegated powers are powers only exercised by the national government, examples of this today would be the right to print money, and the right to declare war. Some examples of concurrent or shared powers are the right to borrow money, and make and enforce law. An example of a state or reserved power is the right to regulate intrastate commerce or create corporation laws.This was done for two main reasons, the first being to limit centralised power, and presidential power, and secondly so that states would agree to the constitution. The states also agreed for two other reasons , one being the Connecticut compromise, and the other being the Bill of rights , which most American historians just count as part of the original constitution, but it wasn’t actually added till 4 years later, Madison claimed it was important as ‘You must specify your liberties’. The Connecticut compromise was created to keep the small states happy, so that they would agree to the constitution.The geographically small states wanted representation based on population, not on size of state, when the biggest states with the smallest population wanted it to be based on the flat rate. So the political compromise was that in the House of Representatives, representation was based on population, and in the senate it was based on the geographical size of a state. The bill of rights is a document that American historians claim is part of the original constitution, although it was sent off to the individual states 4 years later.It was there to clearly show the rights of the people, so that they could never be taken away. The 1st amendment included freedoms such as freedom of assembly and free speech or the 2nd amendment which is the right for everyone to bear arms. It is often shouted out by gun associations when the government tries to put restrictions on the ownership of guns. The founding fathers put this in place so that it would outline in more the detail the precise freedoms of the people, which also helped to convince the smaller states.The constitution splits the power given to national government into three branches, which are separate from each other: the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary. The separation of powers was based on the ideas of Montesquieu, with him ‘L’esprit de lois’ which means the spirit of the law. The executive plays the role of administrating law. The president does this in many ways , for example he; executes federal laws and programs, conducts foreign policy , commands the armed forces, negotiates trea ties and other such roles.Checks and balances another main factor of the constitution comes in here, as the people get to keep a check on the president every 4 years with the presidential election, which stops any tyranny of powers. This can also be seen in another branch of government. The legislature passes law, this is done through congress. Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Its roles include; regulating interstate and foreign commerce , creating and maintaining the armed forces , printing money, declaring war , and other such roles.The power here is limited in two ways, which is exactly what the founding fathers wanted; it’s done through a 6 year change of the senate, which rotates 1/3 of its members for election every 2 years. This is also done in the House of Representatives, as they have to run for re-election every 2 years, this means that representatives have to get things the public want done, or they can just be kicked out. This ke eps power in the hands of the many, which is also how they wanted to constitution to work. The last branch is the Judiciary, its role is to interpret and enforce the law.It is able to stay separate from the other branches, as it operates heavily outside the government, but also because ‘nothing maintains the independence of the judiciary more than its permanency in office’. It is also tied to the other two branches, as if the president wants to pass a law, it must get through congress and through the Supreme Court, as they can rule it unconstitutional, so the founding fathers created a system so that every branch was a check on each other, this also creates a system, where politics becomes the art of compromise.This system of checks and balances means that all the branches have to work together, and have to compromise. Congress holds its check on the president in different ways, such as; Congress is able to impeach and remove a president, although impeachment does requi re a 2/3 majority of house, and removal 2/3 of the senate. Congress can also override a presidential veto, this also requires a 2/3 majority in both houses, but this system means that no one branch can hold far more power than another which is another example of why the founding fathers chose such a system.It also holds other powers such as rejecting treaties which limits presidential foreign policy. Congress also holds checks over the judiciary. It can do this by proposing constitutional amendments, and impeaching and removing judges with the 2/3 majority in the senate. This also shows us that the judiciary can never hold too much power over the president or congress, which is another example of how the founding fathers wanted the constitution to work. There are also powers given to the other two branches of government, which help to keeps checks, so that they can all counter each other with enough majority.But a problem with this is that it can lead to political gridlock, and this means very little can get done, which is not what the founding fathers intended. To conclude, the founding fathers created a constitution that meant that power could never be held within the hands of the few, but with the many. It also created checks on power in every branch of government, not just from the people, but from the branches themselves acting as checks against each other.They had wanted to create a system that worked this way, because of the tyranny that could be seen in other countries. This is why George Washington destroyed any idea of a monarchy, he wanted the United States of America to be founded on principles the promoted compromise, and freedom, and equality. It was also meant to act as a block on any future tyranny, or corruption of power, but it also creates problems in itself, as it can lead to political gridlock, but no political system is perfect.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Cómo obtener el récord migratorio en Estados Unidos

Solicitar el rà ©cord migratorio en Estados Unidos puede ser  recomendable, por un lado, para completar documentacià ³n necesaria para algunos trà ¡mites y que no se tiene y, por otro lado, para entender la causa de negaciones de peticiones o solicitudes migratorias como, por ejemplo, la denegacià ³n de la tarjeta de residencia o de una visa no inmigrante. En los casos de denegaciones de peticiones de visas u otros beneficios migratorios tener el rà ©cord migratorio permite saber cuà ¡l es el origen del problema y, a partir, de ahà ­, solucionarlo cuando sea posible. Solicitar rà ©cord migratorio en EE.UU. Cualquier persona o su abogado puede solicitar informacià ³n sobre su rà ©cord migratorio en Estados Unidos. Es posible que deba requerir dicha informacià ³n a una o mà ¡s oficinas del gobierno, dependiendo de quà © informacià ³n busca.USCIS: planilla G-639CPB: peticià ³n electrà ³nica en su pà ¡gina oficialCortes migratorias: planilla DOJ-361ICE: carta a oficina en Washington D.C.Informacià ³n relacionada con consulados u oficinas consulares de Embajadas: Carta a oficina del Departamento de Estado en Washington D.C.  ¿Es bueno o malo tener un rà ©cord migratorio en EE.UU.? Tener en rà ©cord migratorio, en sà ­ mismo, no es bueno ni malo. Es mà ¡s, todos los extranjeros que en algà ºn momento han obtenido una visa o la green card o cualquier otro beneficio migratorio tienen un rà ©cord. Tambià ©n lo tienen las personas que han sido detenidas en la frontera o a las que se le ha negado el ingreso a EE.UU. Por el contrario, los migrantes que ingresaron ilegalmente por la frontera, no tienen rà ©cord como tampoco lo tienen los extranjeros que nunca han viajado a EE.UU. o una de sus fronteras ni tampoco han solicitado jamà ¡s ningà ºn tipo de visa. Son las circunstancias de cada caso las que convierten un rà ©cord migratorio o su ausencia en algo bueno o en algo malo.  ¿Por quà © puede ser conveniente obtener una copia del rà ©cord de inmigracià ³n? En muchas ocasiones algo ha ido mal y no se sabe bien la razà ³n, por ejemplo, se prohà ­be la entrada en un aeropuerto, se deniega repetidamente una visa no inmigrante, como por ejemplo, la de turista, o se ha sido deportado o se niega la green card. Es muy conveniente que antes de intentarlo de nuevo, la persona interesada y su abogado tengan muy claros todos los elementos del procedimiento de deportacià ³n y, a partir de ahà ­, ver cuà ¡les son los procedimientos que se pueden seguir, si es posible pedir una waiver y cuà ¡l, etc. Otro ejemplo de cuà ¡nto puede ser  necesario obtener el rà ©cord migratorio es cuando se quiere realizar un trà ¡mite, como por ejemplo, un ajuste de estatus o la adquisicià ³n de la ciudadanà ­a americana por naturalizacià ³n y se piden rà ©cords migratorios que se han extraviado. Por ejemplo, los I-94 con las fechas exactas de entradas y salidas de los Estados Unidos. En ocasiones, no es posible obtener toda la informacià ³n y documentos necesarios a travà ©s de las và ­as habituales. En estos casos se puede solicitar las peticiones de rà ©cord migratorio para completar la informacià ³n que no se tiene.  ¿Por quà © es posible obtener el rà ©cord de inmigracià ³n en EE.UU.? Segà ºn la Ley de la Libertad de Informacià ³n (FOIA, por sus siglas en inglà ©s), todas las personas, incluidas las extranjeras que se encuentran en Estados Unidos o en otro paà ­s, sin importar su estatus migratorio legal, pueden solicitar a cualquier agencia federal su propio rà ©cord de relacià ³n con una agencia en concreto, incluidas las que tratan asuntos migratorios.  ¿Quià ©nes pueden solicitar el rà ©cord migratorio de una persona en EE.UU.? La informacià ³n que se puede solicitar ha de referirse a la persona que la solicita o, en casos muy concretos, a la de un familiar ya fallecido. Tambià ©n es posible que los abogados pidan informacià ³n sobre sus clientes. Las agencias federales està ¡n obligadas a proporcionar la informacià ³n solicitada, pero pueden excluir de la documentacià ³n que se entrega determinados asuntos que afectan a la seguridad o a terceras personas. Ademà ¡s, en los casos migratorios es comà ºn excluir notas realizadas por los oficiales de inmigracià ³n que se han ocupado de un caso en concreto.  ¿Quà © tipo de rà ©cord de inmigracià ³n se puede solicitar? La clase de informacià ³n que se puede pedir es muy variada, por ejemplo, cualquier aplicacià ³n enviada al Servicio de Inmigracià ³n y Ciudadanà ­a (USCIS, por sus siglas en inglà ©s), como peticià ³n de familia, cambio de visa, extensià ³n de visa, asilo afirmativo, permiso de trabajo, etc. Tambià ©n se puede solicitar informacià ³n sobre la denegacià ³n de una visa no inmigrante, como la de turista, estudiante, intercambio o trabajo. Asimismo, se puede solicitar el rà ©cord sobre aprehensià ³n en la frontera o cerca de la misma y sobre cualquier tipo de detencià ³n migratoria. Tambià ©n sobre los casos de expulsià ³n inmediata en una de las fronteras de Estados Unidos. Finalmente, se puede solicitar informacià ³n sobre el procedimiento y/o orden de deportacià ³n o cualquier asuntos ante las cortes migratorias, como por ejemplo peticiones de asilo defensivo, suspensià ³n de la deportacià ³n, etc.  ¿Cà ³mo se solicita el rà ©cord migratorio en EE.UU.? La solicitud y adà ³nde se tiene que enviar va a depender de la agencia federal a la que se le pide la informacià ³n. Incluso es posible enviar varias solicitudes a distintas agencias. Rà ©cords migratorios del USCIS El USCIS, o antiguo INS, se ocupa de peticiones muy variadas, como aprobaciones del I-130 en solicitudes de la green card para familiares, asilo afirmativo, permiso de trabajo, advance parole, DACA para Dreamers, cambio o extensià ³n de visas no inmigrantes, solicitud de naturalizacià ³n,  etc. Si el rà ©cord que se desea obtener es de esa naturaleza, se puede  rellenar el formulario G-639, siguiendo las instrucciones de esa planilla. Solicitar esta informacià ³n mediante este formulario es gratuito. Pero no es necesario utilizar esa planilla, ya que puede realizarse la peticià ³n con una carta en inglà ©s, que debe enviarse a: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration ServicesNational Records Center, FOIA/PA OfficeP. O. Box 648010Lee’s Summit, MO 64064-8010 Ademà ¡s, es posible contactarse marcando a los telà ©fonos 1-800-375-5283 o al 1-816-350-5787. Tambià ©n es posible comunicarse por correo electrà ³nico escribiendo a:  uscis.foiauscis.dhs.gov.  Las siglas DHS significan Deparment of Homeland Security o lo que es lo mismo, Departamento de Seguridad Interna. USCIS no contestarà ¡ ninguna peticià ³n que no ha sido debidamente firmada. Solicitar rà ©cord migratorio a la Patrulla de Control Fronterizo (CBP) Si ha tenido algà ºn tipo de incidente en la frontera o en un aeropuerto o se le ha prohibido la entrada, entonces enviar la peticià ³n a la  CBP. Anote la de la ciudad mà ¡s cercana al lugar o al aeropuerto donde se produjo el incidente y envà ­e allà ­ la planilla debidamente cumplimentada. Esa peticià ³n se realiza electrà ³nicamente en la propia pà ¡gina de internet de la CBP, que està ¡ en inglà ©s. Se puede crear una cuenta o tambià ©n es posible realizar la peticià ³n como invitado, es decir, presionando donde pone continue as guest. Solicitar rà ©cord migratorio a una Corte Si lo que se necesita es el rà ©cord de deportacià ³n sobre un procedimiento o cita ante un juez de inmigracià ³n, la planilla a rellenar es la DOJ-361 del Departamento de Justicia y enviarlo a:. Service Center Executive Office for Inmmigration Review5107 Leesburg Pike, suite 1903. VA 22041 Y tambià ©n es posible comunicarse con esa oficina por correo electrà ³nico en la direccià ³n EOIR.FOIARequestusdoj.gov Solicitar rà ©cord migratorio al ICE   Las personas que han estado detenidas o los deudores de fianzas -bond obligor, en inglà ©s- pueden solicitar su rà ©cord a: U.S. Immigration and Customs EnforcementFreedom of Information Act Office500 12th Street SW, Stop 5009Washington, DC 20536-5009 Solicitar rà ©cord migratorio al Departamento de Estado (DoS, por sus siglas en inglà ©s) Se puede solicitar informacià ³n sobre: aplicaciones de visassolicitudes en embajadas y consulados de pasaportes de ciudadanos americanosinformacià ³n sobre asistencia consular recibida por ciudadanos americanos, etc. Tener en cuenta que si la informacià ³n que se solicita es sobre una persona que ha recibido una green card, la peticià ³n hay que dirigirla al USCIS, tal y como se seà ±ala mà ¡s arriba. Lo mà ¡s frecuente es solicitar informacià ³n sobre la aprobacià ³n o denegacià ³n de una visa no inmigrante. Para hacerlo se debe escribir y firmar una carta en inglà ©s que debe contener la siguiente informacià ³n: Nombre completo del solicitante, nacionalidad, domicilio actual y nà ºmero de telà ©fono.Lugar de nacimientoTipo de visa no inmigrante sobre la que se pide la informacià ³n. Estas son todas las posibles.Embajada o consulado en la que se solicità ³ la visa y la fecha mà ¡s aproximada posible en la que la visa fue aprobada o negada. Ademà ¡s, debe incluirse la siguiente declaracià ³n afirmando que toda la informacià ³n es verdadera: I declare  under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America, that the foregoing is true and correct. Y enviar la carta a: Office of Information Programs and ServicesFreedom of Information ActA/GIS/IPS/RLU. S. Department of StateWashington, D. C. 20522-8100Facsimile: (202) 261-8579 Otras solicitudes de rà ©cords Bajo la FOIA, se puede solicitar informacià ³n a la Administracià ³n del Seguro Social, si bien no es gratuita. Para solicitar que se regresen documentos originales entregados a USCIS, enviar el formulario G-884, siguiendo sus instrucciones. Para solicitar copias de manifiesto de llegada anteriores a diciembre de 1982, contactar con los National Archives. Tiempo de demora en las peticiones de rà ©cord migratorio En teorà ­a, la agencia del gobierno debe responder en el plazo de 20 dà ­as. Es normal que envà ­e una carta diciendo que ha recibido la solicitud. Sin embargo, obtener una copia del rà ©cord migratorio se està ¡ demorando mucho mà ¡s tiempo. Si la peticià ³n se le hace a la Oficina Ejecutiva de Revisià ³n Migratoria, à ©sta suele enviar copia de los papeles en un plazo mà ¡ximo de unos tres meses. Si la solicitud se envià ³ a la CBP, la respuesta suele llegar antes de los seis meses. Sin embargo, si se ha enviado al USCIS la espera puede llegar a alcanzar el aà ±o, incluso es posible que aà ±o y medio. En todo caso, es posible rastrear  de cualquiera las peticiones en la pà ¡gina oficial de FOIA.  ¿Es posible pedir una certificacià ³n de falta de rà ©cord? En ocasiones puede suceder que no aparece ningà ºn rà ©cord. En este caso y si fuera conveniente se puede solicitar al USCIS una certificacià ³n de falta de rà ©cord. Solicitarlo escribiendo una carta en inglà ©s con todos los datos personales necesarios a: USCIS Records Operations BranchU.S. Citizenship and Immigration ServiceATTN: Records Operation Branch1200 First Street NE MS2202Washington, D.C. 20529-2202  ¿Es posible borrar el historial de inmigracià ³n? No es posible borrar el rà ©cord migratorio. Otra cosa es que algunos errores migratorios del pasado cuando pasan cierto nà ºmero de aà ±os ya no sean importantes o tan significativos. Pero el rà ©cord migratorio no desaparece por solicitarlo, que no se puede, ni por el paso del tiempo. Un asunto diferente es borrar el rà ©cord criminal lo cual, en ocasiones, es posible solicitar. Sin embargo, incluso en esos casos, sigue teniendo la capacidad de producir efectos migratorios. 2 tips importantes antes de solicitar un rà ©cord migratorio Puede suceder que la persona interesada en obtener su propio rà ©cord de inmigracià ³n no quiera hacer la peticià ³n en persona, ya que tendrà ­a que poner su direccià ³n en el formulario de la peticià ³n. Por ejemplo, en los casos de personas indocumentadas con una orden de deportacià ³n pendiente por ejecutar. En estos casos es muy recomendable contactar con un abogado reputado de inmigracià ³n que puede hacer la solicitud empleando la direccià ³n de su despacho. Por à ºltimo, si en alguna ocasià ³n se ha utilizado un nombre falso en una visa o en otro documento migratorio o en la frontera, es conveniente tambià ©n aportarlo, para que se pueda hacer rastreo de la informacià ³n. Cabe destacar que con el empleo que las autoridades migratorias realizan de las huellas digitales y otros datos biomà ©tricos es muy posible que sepan que se trata de una à ºnica persona que ha utilizado mà ¡s de un nombre. Sin embargo, debido a que es un asunto muy delicado y que puede tener consecuencias graves se aconseja contactar con un abogado de inmigracià ³n antes de presentar una peticià ³n con mà ¡s de un nombre. Este es un artà ­culo informativo. No es asesorà ­a legal.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Beowulf Is An Epic Poem - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1157 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2019/05/13 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Beowulf Essay Did you like this example? Beowulf is an epic poem written roughly between the 8th and 11th centuries by an unknown author. It is a masterful story born from Old English and has lived up to its heroic and virtuous protagonist, Beowulf. Primarily, Beowulf yearned to be immortalized by being remembered for generations beyond his death. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Beowulf Is An Epic Poem" essay for you Create order It is thanks to the contributions of many scholars that helped carry on the legacy of Beowulf through translating the archaic poem into Modern English, cementing itself into accessible text and never forgotten. Beowulf: A New Verse, by Seamus Heaney, published on February 15th, 2000, arguably has the most readable and therefore superior translation of Beowulf compared to prior translations. To appreciate the arduous challenge of translating Beowulf, it is important to note the obstacles translators had to face. James Shapiro, an English professor from Columbia University, who published an article to The New York Times titled, A Better Beowulf stated what those difficulties were. The first issue is that while translating from Old English into Modern English is not the most difficult part, it is actually the issue of the translation being too bland to read. Beowulf in its original form is complex, highly formulaic, rich in compounds, apposition, repetition and parallelism; and very few lines mesh well with the flow into Modern English (Shapiro). The role of a great translation, according to The Institute of Export and International Trade, is to disguise a translation as simply what the original text would had read if it was written in the language it was translated to. Mistakenly, many translators were too rigid in their translations and felt like an obvious translation. The second issue is that the original author of Beowulf had a very specific rhythm for each line in the poem, which followed a pattern called iambic pentameter. This means that each line will have ten syllables, and within that line, will have five stresses. Unfortunately, Modern English rarely follows these kinds of restrictions poetically. Scholarly translators that wanted to understandably maintain the richness of Beowulf, by forcing modern vocabulary into an iambic pentameter formula, often translated certain lines into a painful-to-read jog-trot (Shapiro). Without a sense of poetic rhythm, many elements of the story and the representations of the characters tend to fall flat. The duty of these translators was to ideally recapture the passion the original author intended, many of whom could not; until Seamus Heaney successfully cracked the code. Capturing the true essence Beowulf lies in properly representing the protagonist, Beowulf of the Geats, and the translations by Heaney proved to be the best representation. According to Melissa Snell, a historical researcher with a concentration of the Middle Ages, the first translation of Beowulf into Modern English was done in 1837 by J. M. Kemble. Beyond the fact that Kemble took on the task in the Nineteenth Century, and for the fact Beowulf has been translated into roughly sixty-five other modern languages, that means there have been multiple variations of the same character, Beowulf, way before Heaney finished his interpretation in the year 2000 (Snell). Many translators simply did not come close to expressing the passionate, noble, and virtuous Beowulf as the original author did. For example, as Salim E. Al-Ibia, an English Assistant professor of Al al-Bayt University, pointed out in his article titled, A Comparative Study of Three Modern Translations of the Old English Lines (675-702) of Beowulf most readers will feel the positive attitude toward Beowulf with Heaneys translation. Unlike a notable translation in 1952 by Edwin Morgan, Beowulf astonishingly has character traits of being flaunty and arrogant (Al-Ibia). To demonstrate a clear distinction between the language of Morgans and Heaneys translations, the confrontation between Beowulf and Grendel exposes the differences right away. In lines 675-679, with Morgans translations, of the epic poem, Beowulf is only depicted as the good warrior and Grendel has personified qualities of being able to boast in works of war. This is problematic because it diminishes how much of a threat Grendel is, and how even greater of a necessity Beowulf is. Essentially, Morgan is implying that theres been a war, rather than a one-sided bloody massacred rampage, between Grendel and the Danish. In contrast, Heaney proclaims Beowulf as that prince of goodness and proudly asserts that he is as dangerous any day as Grendel when it comes to fighting. Heaney undoubtably writes Beowulf as the present-day cape-crusader; a hero to fill ones despair with hope. Seamus Heaneys Beowulf is not only remarkable because of the fluidity the prose, but because of Heaneys background and method towards crafting the final translation. While the epic poem has cultural and locational ties to the Scandinavian area within its story, it is Heaneys Irish heritage that marries his translated Beowulf into an aspiring interpretation that prior translators failed to achieve. In an NPR radio interview from 2007, Heaney explains how he was able to dig into his Irish roots and write more expressively. Rather than use words such as defensive wall he used an Irish word from the seventeenth century called bawn (NPR). Given Beowulfs Anglo-Saxon origins, it also helped that Heaney was able to collaborate with Anglo-Saxon scholars. Heaneys earlier poetic works also enlighteningly followed iambic pentameter rhythm, giving him further credence for the quality Beowulf: A New Verse famed. Using these techniques allows for the story to maintain its richness in coming across as an ancient, epic tale but also mold his translation fluidly into iambic pentameter measure, in Modern English no less! It is no slight against for the many translators that endeavored to bring Beowulf into modern eyes. After all, they were performing the ultimate duty: immortalizing Beowulfs legacy for centuries after the fictious, glorious death. However, it is a laborious process to consider when there is a vast quantity of translations but few lacking genuine quality. Even fewer with as passionate and spirited verse as Heaneys translation. Beowulf, a timeless classic, inspired many scholars and translators, but it only took one procure the modern representation of Beowulf that would shower the story with as much love and excitement as the original author had done, centuries ago. Works Cited Heaney, Seamus. Beowulf: A New Verse. New York City: W. W. Norton Company, 2000. Print. Morgan, Edwin. Beowulf. London: The Hand and Flower Press, 1952. Print. Salim Eflih Al-Ibia. A Comparative Study of Three Modern Translations of the Old English Lines (675-702) of Beowulf. Journal of Arts and Humanities, Vol 7, Iss 2, Pp 66-72 (2018), no. 2, 2018, p. 66. EBSCOhost, doi:10.18533/journal.v7i2.1337 Shapiro, James. A Better Beowulf. New York Times, 27 Feb. 2000, archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/00/02/27/reviews/000227.27shapirt.html. Snell, Melissa. What You Need to Know About the Epic Poem Beowulf. ThoughtCo, 26 Aug. 2018, thoughtco.com/beowulf-what-you-need-to-know-1788397. Translation of Beowulf Revives Epic Tale. Talk of the Nation. National Public Radio. 19 Nov. 2007, https://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=16425752. What makes a good translation? The Institute of Export and International Trade. 12 Feb. 2018, https://www.export.org.uk/news/386348/What-makes-a-good-translation.htm

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Romeo And Twelfth Night By William Shakespeare Essay

Shakespeare’s Masculine Women in Macbeth and Twelfth Night William Shakespeare frequently created women who deviated from the social standards of his time, which was, throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. All throughout this era, women were understood to be silent and obedient and were believed to be unfit of doing more than taking care of the house and raising children. However, Shakespeare often rejected these aspects and invented feminine characters that challenged the norms of this point in time. Two of the most individualistic women in Shakespeare’s plays are Lady Macbeth from Macbeth, and Olivia from Twelfth Night. Shakespeare confers upon both characters perceptibly masculine traits. Both Lady Macbeth and Olivia present nuanced description of the hostility in gender roles in the face of cultural and societal norms during the Renaissance era, due to their prominent masculine traits. 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